COMMON STREET NAMES:
Oxy 80’s, Oxycotton, Oxycet, Hillbilly Heroin, Hillbillies, Perks, Painkillers, Vikes, Hydros, Footballs, Pinks.
Oxycodone (sold under the brand names): Percodan, Endodan, Roxiprin, Endocet, Roxicet, Oxycontin.
Hydrocodone (sold under the brand names): Vicodin, Tussionex, Norco, Lortab, Lorcet, Hycomine, Hycodan, Dicodid, Anexsia.
Meperidine (sold under the brand name): Demerol
Hydromorphone (sold under the brand name): Dilaudid.
Propoxyphene (sold under the brand name): Darvon.
Fentanyl (sold under the brand names): Fentora, Duragesic, Subsys, Actiq.
Opioids are painkillers, analgesic drugs that bind to the area of the brain that controls pain and emotions. They have opium-like compounds that switch of the pain receptors in the brain. Opioids are the most widely prescribed drug in the USA for conditions including cancer, arthritis, degenerative conditions, and short term pain due to surgery, trauma, and dental work.
Long term use and abuse can have devastating and even fatal effects, especially if mixed with alcohol or other drugs. Effects include intense drug cravings, constipation, nausea, vomiting, confusion, unconsciousness, respiratory depression, coma and death.
The majority of Heroin addicts started with prescription Opioids. Unable to easily obtain the prescription medicines, addicts turn to the Heroin and have the added risk of contracting HIV, Hepatitis and other transmittable diseases through dirty needles.
Overdoses linked to Opioids killed more than 14,000 people in 2014, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Between 1999-2014, over 165,000 people in the US died from Opioid related overdoses. Approximately every 20 minutes, one mother, father, sister, brother, son or daughter dies from an accidental Opiate overdose. Six out of ten drug overdose deaths involve an Opioid. Half of all overdose deaths involving painkillers are from prescription Opioids.
IS THIS DRUG ADDICTIVE:
Opioid painkillers should typically not be taken more extended periods of time and are extremely addictive. Opioid use creates a tolerance and more of the drugs and higher doses are necessary to feel the same effects. As one addict put it, “It’s like chasing monkeys. You can never get as high as your last time using so you increase the amount you take until you either die, go to prison, or seek recovery”.
SIGNS OF DRUG USE AND ABUSE:
Signs of abuse include shifts in mood and energy, personality change, withdrawal from friends and family, visiting multiple doctors and emergency rooms seeking medication, decline in personal appearance and hygiene, increased sensory sensitivity, blackout, fainting.
No, not at all! Prescription painkillers are responsible for more overdose deaths in the USA than any other drug.
When used as directed and prescribed by a medical doctor, Opioids can help alleviate short term pain after surgeries or for certain conditions such as cancer. However, doctors have been known to over prescribe the number of painkillers to patients than necessary, according to many medical experts. Unused Opioids are also left in medicine cabinets and are taken and or sold by family members, visiting neighbors and teenagers.
Drug and alcohol dependence disorders and addictions are medical conditions that can be effectively treated. The first step is to recognize the problem and seek help for yourself or loved ones. To speak to a caring, experienced addiction advisor call 1-800-601-0759 or fill out the contact form below.